|Downtime form:||A-1a Doctor/Provider Orders - Pathology Core and Specialty Care Nursery|
1. Supplied collection tube expires 12 months after preparation. Check expiration date before using.
2. Special collection tube must be pre-chilled prior to draw.
3. If perchloric acid spills, specimen must be redrawn.
1. Draw slightly more than 1 mL whole blood in syringe.
2. Remove screw cap lid from PRE-CHILLED pyruvate tube (T012).
3. Remove transfer device from syringe.
4. Slowly depress plunger expelling 1 mL into pyruvate tube.
5. Verify volume in pyruvate tube is 3.5 mL.
6. Replace cap tightly.
7. Shake vigorously to mix.
8. Take to lab ASAP.
Reference laboratory reports in both mmol/L and mg/dL as of
March 31, 2011.
A low L:P ratio (disproportionately elevated pyruvic acid) may indicate an inherited disorder of pyruvate metabolism. Defects of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex result in L:P ratios <10.
The L:P ratio is characteristically normal in other patients. An artifactually high ratio can be found if the patient is acutely ill.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) L:P ratio may assist in evaluation of patients with neurologic dysfunction and normal blood L:P ratios. Blood and CSF specimens should be collected at the same time.
Correct specimen collection and handling is crucial to achieve reliable results.
Pyruvic acid levels alone have little clinical utility. Abnormal concentrations of pyruvic acid, and lactate-to-pyruvate (L:P) ratios, are not diagnostic for a particular disorder but must be interpreted in the context of the patient's clinical presentation and other laboratory studies. The determination of pyruvic acid is of diagnostic value when lactic acid is measured and the L:P ratio is established in the same specimen.
When comparing blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) L:P ratios, blood and CSF specimens should be collected at the same time.