Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Label Mnemonic: TSH
Epic code: LAB129
Order form: Laboratory Requisition
Collection Medium:
Plasma Separator Tube 4.5 mL
Alternate Collection Media:
Call laboratory for additional acceptable specimen collection containers.
4 mL whole blood in light green top or TWO Microtainer® devices.
Testing Schedule:
24 hrs/day, 7 days a week, including holidays.
Turn Around Time:
2 hours (upon receipt in laboratory)
Reference Range:
0 - 11 months   0.8-6.3 μIU/mL
1 - 5 years     0.7-5.9 μIU/mL
  > 5 years     Same as adult values
  Adults        0.27-4.20 μIU/mL
Refer to BD Microtainer® Tubes product sheet for detailed sample collection instructions.

Samples which are part of a TRH stimulation test should be clearly identified as such.

Please print, complete and submit the Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN) along with the Laboratory Requisition before shipping the specimen.
Test Limitations:
The assay is unaffected by icterus (bilirubin is less than 41 mg/dL), hemolysis (Hb is less than 1000 mg/dL), lipemia (Intralipid is less than 1500 mg/dL) and biotin is less than 1200 ng/mL (criterion: recovery within plus or minus 10% of initial value).

This TSH assay is not significantly impacted by high-dose biotin. Studies have shown that serum concentrations of biotin did not exceed 1200 ng/mL in subjects taking a single dose of 300 mg biotin.

No interference was observed from rheumatoid factor (up to 1500 U/mL) and samples from dialysis patients.

There is no high-dose hook effect for TSH concentrations up to 1000 μIU/mL.

In vitro tests were performed on 17 commonly used pharmaceuticals. No interference with the assay was found.

The presence of autoantibodies may induce high molecular weight complexes (macro-TSH) which may cause unexpectedly high values of TSH.

As with all tests containing monoclonal mouse antibodies, erroneous findings may be obtained from samples taken from patients who have been treated with monoclonal mouse antibodies or have received them for diagnostic purposes.

In rare cases, interference due to extremely high titers of antibodies to ruthenium can occur. TSH reagent contains additives which minimize these effects.

Extremely high titers of antibodies to streptavidin can occur in isolated cases and cause interference.

For diagnostic purposes, the TSH findings should always be assessed in conjunction with the patient's medical history, clinical examination and other findings.
Electrochemiluminescence Immunoassay

Assay updated with increased tolerance to biotin on 08-25-2020.
Sample Processing:
Centrifuge at a speed and time necessary to get barrier separation of plasma/serum and cells within 1 hour of collection. Send specimen in original tube. Do Not transfer to another tube.
Each sample must be labeled with at least TWO full patient identifiers (First/Last Name & DOB are sufficient for non-UIHC affiliated clients) to avoid sample rejection/delays.
Sample Storage:
Transport Instructions:
Place labeled specimen into zip-lock type biohazard bag; seal bag.
Place completed requisition into outside pocket of bag.
Transport in cooler with refrigerated coolant packs.
CPT Code: