Ehrlichia and Anaplasma Antibody Panel
Label Mnemonic: EHRLCAB
ANAPGM
Epic Lab Code: O117277 (inpatient order panel)
O117278 (ambulatory order panel)
PLEASE NOTE: The Epic Lab Code for this panel begins with a capital "o" (not a zero)
Downtime Form: A-1a Miscellaneous Request
Commercial Mail-out Laboratory
5231 RCP
356-8593
Specimen(s):
Serum
Specimen Instructions:
Parallel testing is preferred and convalescent specimens must be received within 30 days from receipt of the acute specimens. Mark specimens plainly as acute or convalescent.
Collection Medium:
Red top tube 5 mL (Clot Activator)
Minimum:
Preferred Minimum: 1.5 mL serum
Absolute Minimum: 0.01 mL serum
Rejection Criteria:
Bacterially contaminated, heat-inactivated, hemolyzed, icteric, lipemic, or turbid specimens.
Turn Around Time:
1-5 days upon receipt at reference laboratory
Reference Range:
Ehrlichia chaffeensis Antibody, IgG by IFA: < 1:64 Negative-​No significant level of Ehrlichia chaffeensis IgG antibody detected. 1:64-​1:128 Equivocal-​Questionable presence of Ehrlichia chaffeensis IgG antibody detected. Repeat testing in 10-​14 days may be helpful. ≥1:256 Positive-​Presence of IgG antibody to Ehrlichia chaffeensis detected, suggestive of current or past infection. Ehrlichia chaffeensis Antibody, IgM by IFA: < 1:16 Negative-​No significant level of Ehrlichia chaffeensis IgM antibody detected. ≥ 1:16 Positive-​Presence of IgM antibody to Ehrlichia chaffeensis detected, suggestive of current or recent infection. Anaplasma phagocytophilum (HGA) Antibody, IgG: Less than 1:80 -​ No significant level of IgG antibodies to A. phagocytophilum detected. Greater than or equal to 1:80 -​ Suggestive of a recent or past infection with A. phagocytophilum Anaplasma phagocytophilum (HGA) Antibody, IgM: Less than 1:16 -​ No significant level of IgM antibodies to A. phagocytophilum detected. Greater than or equal to 1:16 -​ Suggestive of a current or recent infection with A. phagocytophilum.
Comments:
Human ehrlichiosis is a tick-borne disease caused by rickettsial-like agents. Two forms, human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE), have been described. HME is often referred to as "spotless" or rashless Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and has been reported in various regions of the United States. The causative agent of HME has been identified as Ehrlichia chaffeensis. Infected individuals produce specific antibodies to Ehrlichia chaffeensis which can be detected by an immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test.

Acceptable test for acute or convalescent phase of infection from Anaplasma phagocytophilium. May be useful when PCR testing is not an option (eg, outside the 2 week window for acute phase). However, PCR testing is generally preferred; refer to Tick-Borne Disease Panel by PCR, Blood or Ehrlichia and Anaplasma Species by Real-Time PCR.
Methodology:
Semi-Quantitative Indirect Fluorescent Antibody
CPT Code:
Ehrlichia Chaffeensis 86666 x2
Anaplasma 86666 x2
 
See also:
Ehrlichia and Anaplasma Species PCR, Whole Blood